Dive in history: underwater Pompeii in Pozzuoli, Italy

Since my archaeological surprises in South Turkey, I should say I developed a keen interested in finding new destinations with archaeological diving experience. While doing some research, I spotted Alexandria in Egypt and Pozzuoli in Italy. This is how, just before moving to Scotland, with six free days, a miles reward flight to take, in less than a week, I decided to fly to Naples in Italy!

Naples Bay: Roman history and delicious food

The bay of Naples is in South Italy, nestling a group of charming islands such as Procida, Ischia, and the famous Capri. From Baia to Sorrento, expect high-density urbanisation mixed with Roman ruins, medieval and renaissance historical buildings and churches… a lot of churches! Everything can sometimes seem a bit chaotic, but this unplanned mix of old and new along with the much alive local culture give a vibrant atmosphere to Naples. Everyone in town agreed to say Naples was not Italy, “too different”, even young people speak Neapolitan among themselves. Naples was Spanish from 1504 to 1714, so no wonder why it almost sounded Spanish to me and especially Catalan, and why with my mix of French and Spanish without actually speaking Italian I could get sorted out of any situation.

But above all, Naples is world-famous for its millenary ruins of Pompeii and its fascinating archaeological museum. Having visited Pompeii while in high school, I decided, this time, I should spend more time strolling around the narrow medieval streets in the centre of Naples while tasting all of its exquisite specialities. Pizza… I thought I already ate a good pizza before…. I was wrong! The taste of the simple recipe of the Neapolitan pizza with only tomato, basil, and mozzarella, freshly baked in the wood oven and eaten from the box in the street on the roof of a car, taking a quarter that you fold into 2 to make a sandwich out of it…. Yummy, crusty but soft inside, incredible flavours of the fresh tomato sauce… I think I could keep even writing more about it! Besides, there were so much more to try: Seafood in Pozzuoli, limoncello in Sorrento, and mozzarella di buffala of Campania countryside… Italian gastronomy is poetry to me.

I spent hours in the archaeological museum of Naples, mesmerised by the refined mosaics, sculptures and mural paintings of people who lived thousands of years ago! I have also been very curious about the many churches and cathedral from the Renaissance period; I also had the chance to attend two processions of local saints and in the end, could witness the still very strong attachment to Catholicism here. In a nutshell, these 6 days were a great mix of Italian dolce vita with my favourite underwater activities.

To make the most of your time in Naples, here are a few ideas of activities you can pre-book before your trip:

I mostly used public transportation during the week I stayed there. Very convenient, the two main lines take you on each side of the Bay. The Circumflegrea goes to Baia from Montesanto station, and the Circumvesuviana goes to Sorrento from Garibaldi station. In 20 to 60 minutes, you can be anywhere you want. People were also very friendly, helping me lifting my scuba diving bag in the trains which have high steps to climb. Fans of street art will appreciate the Circumflegrea line as the line looks like a large open air exhibition!

The “Campi Flegrei “ (Phlegrean fields) and the Bradyseism phenomenon

While everyone is rushing to take the East train to the overcrowded site of Pompeii (don’t take me wrong it is amazing), I took the West train to Pozzuoli! Obviously, if you are coming here for the first time, you absolutely need to visit Pompeii. Just follow this link to book your priority-access ticket to the site to avoid queuing for ages. Down the Castle of Baia, 5m to 10m below the surface lies another incredible testimony of the wonders of the Roman era in Naples: Il Parco Archeologico Sommerso di Baia (Archaeological Underwater Park of Baia).

From the neighbour city of Pozzuoli where you can take the ferry to the islands of Procida and Ischia, a couple of scuba diving centres can take you to discover its treasures. But for what reason this village of luxury villas and thermae loved by Caesar and Nero thanks to the hot springs nearby ended submerged while Pompeii was buried in the ashes of the Vesuvio and Herculanum swallowed by mud?

A unique phenomenon occurs in this area called “Campi Flegrei“: Bradyseism. Unlike an earthquake which makes the Earth moving horizontally, bradyseism makes the ground moving vertically, up or down. And this is how this Roman luxury resort went underwater due to the vagaries of the Earth. But it seems today a reversed phenomenon has been observed so that the ruins could be one day above the water… So don’t delay to enjoy this gift of nature!

Baia underwater park from the sky

The Underwater Archaeological Park of Baia

The Parco Sommerso di Baia is quite large and is divided into 5 main scuba diving spots: Portus Julius, Secca delle fumose, Ninfeo di Claudio, Villa dei Pisoni and Villa a Protiro. From an archaeological value point of view, the 2 most incredible ones are Ninfeo di Claudio and Villa a Pprotiro. Secca delle fumose has an entirely different interest: it is a kind of natural jacuzzi. You can see the volcanic activity while some sulfuric gas bubbles are released.

map spots scuba diving archeological park Baia

“Ninfeo di Claudio” was my first dive in the park. I was lucky to meet this group of scuba divers from Milan who warmly recommended me to join them for this site. This magical spot gathers not less than a “triclinium-nymphaeum” (a kind of relaxation room) of Emperor Claudius, a paved road of almost 200 m, the “via herculana” and “thermae,” the Roman baths. In the nymphaeum, you can admire Roman statues underwater. Unfortunately, these statues are not the original ones. They are copies of the ones found in 1969, 10 years after the first discovery of the nymphaeum. The original ones are now well-preserved and protected in the archaeological museum of the Castle of Baia. Nature has been quick to integrate them as if they have always been there. Covered by seaweed, they are now the new shelters of some cuttlefish. I should say I was a bit disappointed. However, when I saw our guide removing the sand from an area to show us marble floor or mosaics, and carefully replacing it after we could all see it, I understood that the park being very near to the shore, these treasures needed to be protected from some careless visitors.

The statues represent the part with the Cyclops of the Homer Odyssey and some are a benediction by the goddess Minerva to Claudius’ accession to the throne. Underwater photography enthusiasts:  enjoy the most photogenic spot in the park! The “via Herculana”, excavated on a length of 180m, is a long well-preserved pavement stone road. In the thermae, you can easily navigate through the different rooms as the base of most walls are still there. If you know where to look, you will be able to see marble floor, mosaics and remains of potteries.

Villa a Protiro is clearly the highlight of the park. Whereas I was already on the other side of Bay, I came back one morning to Pozzuoli just to make sure I could make that dive. The hour and half of train was totally worth it. The villa had an internal courtyard with a large black and white geometrical mosaic floor. This mosaic is still there and in perfect condition, and this time, this is not a copy! Once you know where to find it, you have to spend a bit of time to push away gently the sand to show it. The conditions of diving were not the best that day, but I am sure that on a beautiful day with very clear water which is not so hard to get in Italy, it would be worthy to spend the entire dive to show it fully to take a beautiful picture of a diver over it.

If you want to enjoy some more scuba diving in the area, I recommend you to go by boat a bit further away to Procida and Ischia. There you can clearly see the volcanic origins of these islands as the rocks have clear lines of the solidified lava. I enjoyed looking for the cuttlefish and swimming along deep walls covered by sponge and red gorgonian. After all these emotions, enjoying a plate of linguini al Frutti di mare (linguine pasta with seafood) and a caffe macchiato (espresso coffee with a drop of milk) was well deserved (I would find any excuse for Italian food)!

 

If you want to live the same adventure, contact Centro Sub Campi Flegrei in Pozzuoli!

 

Where to stay in Pozzuoli or Naples?

During the first part of my trip, I stayed in Pozzuoli, at the hotel recommended by the dive centre: Hotel La Tripergola. The decoration was a bit old fashioned but I liked it this way, it felt homey! My bedroom was huge, and this view on the sea was everything I was looking for! You have to know that Pozzuoli in the evening is super quiet so if you’re looking to party, it might be better for you to find something in Naples directly (For example, NeapolitanTrips Hostel is a cool hostel in the heart of Naples). In my case, it was just before moving to Scotland, so I needed some rest the first days of my trip. I enjoyed the excellent seafood and pasta of the hotel restaurant and a good night sleep. Bonus: the hotel is only 5 minutes walking away from the dive centre! On the last two days of my stay, I went CouchSurfing in the eastern suburbs of Naples, in Portici, to enjoy an authentic Italian experience with a delightful host who enjoyed sharing his best cooking recipes with me!

 

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  1. […] de kilomètres au Mexique, au Belize, en Argentine, en Indonésie, en Thaïlande, en Espagne, en Italie et en France, ses roues ont finalement rendu l’âme lors de mon déménagement en […]

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  2. Scuba diving, underwater artifacts, and Italian food? Sounds like a match made in heaven! This spot hadn’t come up on my ‘scuba trip radar’…now it is high on my list!…Thanks for sharing

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  3. […] model of the one I saw while diving John Pennekamp Park in Key Largo, Florida only 6 months before!dive the underwater archaeological park of Baia near Naples. My first trip after moving back from Scotland to France is again to dive another underwater […]

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  4. Were you there in August? Or during the winter months? I ask because I see full dry suits in the pics. I was hoping to dive there in late September, but I am not dry suit certified and was hoping to dive in a wetsuit only. I’ve tried asking the dive center there about it multiple times but they don’t respond, probably because I’m asking in English.

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    1. Hi Stephanie, I dived Pozzuoli in Early May so water can be still chilly at that time of the year (14/16°C). In my case, as I only purchased my drysuit a bit after that trip, I was diving with my 7mm full suit + 5mm shorty on top. Now I have my own dry suit I may have become a bit lazy and take very easily the dry suit. But please do not worry if you’re not a dry suit diver, between July and September, you don’t need a dry suit to dive there. The water will be around 23/25°C !

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  5. Awesome! Thanks so much for the info 🙂

    And I should have mentioned before that it’s this page that motivated me to head to Pozzuoli to dive in the first place 🙂 I can’t wait.

    Grazie mille

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  6. […] travel destinations, Italy is the home of many quirky dive sites. I had the luck before to dive the underwater Roman ruins of Baia near Naples and the Christ of the Abyss statue in Portofino, but now I can add the medieval ruins of Capodacqua […]

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  7. What a fabulous post, great photography – above and under water! I’d love to do that dive, but gave up diving many years back. My hubby adores Roman history too.

    Many thanks for the follow on The Writer in the Woods! 🙂

    Reply

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